Petrochemical Plant and Processes
Petroleum processing plants produce olefins and aromatics by fluid catalytic cracking of petroleum fractions. Compound plants take gaseous petrol fluids from a gas handling plant and utilize a steam splitting procedure to create olefins. Aromatics are delivered by reactant changing of naphtha. A chemical plant is an industrial process plant that manufactures chemicals, usually on a large scale. The general objective of a chemical plant is to create new material wealth via the chemical or biological transformation and or separation of materials. Petrochemical plants are usually located adjacent to an oil refinery to minimize transportation costs for the feedstock’s produced by the refinery. Specialty chemical and fine chemical plants are usually much smaller and not as sensitive to location. Tools have been developed for converting a base project cost from one geographic location to another. A chemical plant commonly has usually large vessels or sections called units or lines that are interconnected by piping or other material-moving equipment which can carry streams of material. Such material streams can include fluids or sometimes solids or mixtures such as slurries. An overall chemical process is commonly made up of steps called unit operations which occur in the individual units. A raw material going into a chemical process or plant as input to be converted into a product is commonly called a feedstock, or simply feed.