Track 1: Petroleum Exploration & Field Management
Petroleum Exploration is the process of exploring for oil and gas resources in the earth’s sedimentary basins. The process relies on the methodical application of technology by creative geoscientists that leads to viable prospects to drill and the actual drilling of these prospects with exploratory and appraisal wells. Geological prospecting and exploration for oil and gas is a set of industrial and R&D activities for geological study of subsurface resources, identification of promising areas, and discovery of fields, their evaluation and pre-development. The final objective of geological prospecting is preparation of subsurface resources. The main principle of geological prospecting is the comprehensive geological study of subsurface resourceswhen along with oil and gas exploration all associated components petroleum gas and its composition, sulphur, rare metals, etc., possibility and practicality of their production or utilization are investigated; hydrogeological, coal mining, engineering, geological and other studies are performed; natural, climatic, socioeconomic, geological engineering and economic indicator and their changes caused by future field development are analyzed.
The global petroleum resin market is estimated to reach USD 2.58 Billion by 2021, at a CAGR of 7.7%. The market is segmented by application, such as adhesives & sealants, printing inks, paints & coatings, rubber compounding, tapes & labels, and others applications; by type that includes C5 petroleum resins, C9 petroleum resins, hydrogenated hydrocarbon resins, and C5/C9 petroleum resins; by end-use industry such as building & construction, tire industry, personal hygiene, consumer goods, automotive, and others; by region, namely, North America, Middle East & Africa, Latin America, Asia-Pacific, and Europe. The base year considered for the study is 2015, while the forecast period is between 2016 and 2021.
Track 2: Petroleum and Petrochemicals
Petrochemicals are substance items acquired from oil by refining. Some chemical mixes produced using oil are likewise obtained from other petroleum derivatives, for example, coal or gas, or inexhaustible sources, for example, corn, palm natural product or sugar stick, The two most normal petrochemical classes are olefins counting ethylene and propylene and aromatics like benzene, toluene and xylene isomers. Petroleum treatment facilities produce olefins and aromatics by liquid reactant breaking of oil portions. Synthetic plants produce olefins by steam splitting of gaseous petrol fluids like ethane and propane. Aromatics are delivered by reactant transforming of naphtha. Olefins and aromatics are the structure hinders for a wide scope of materials, for example, solvents, cleansers, and glues. Olefins are the reason for polymers and oligomers utilized in plastics, filaments, elastomers, greases, and gels. Petrochemicals also include plastics, soaps, detergents, paints, fertilizers, pesticides, synthetic fibers, explosives, rubbers, and flooring and insulating materials.
Track 3: Petrochemical Plant and Processes
Petroleum processing plants produce olefins and aromatics by fluid catalytic cracking of petroleum fractions. Compound plants take gaseous petrol fluids from a gas handling plant and utilize a steam splitting procedure to create olefins. Aromatics are delivered by reactant changing of naphtha. A chemical plant is an industrial process plant that manufactures chemicals, usually on a large scale. The general objective of a chemical plant is to create new material wealth via the chemical or biological transformation and or separation of materials. Petrochemical plants are usually located adjacent to an oil refinery to minimize transportation costs for the feedstock’s produced by the refinery. Specialty chemical and fine chemical plants are usually much smaller and not as sensitive to location. Tools have been developed for converting a base project cost from one geographic location to another. A chemical plant commonly has usually large vessels or sections called units or lines that are interconnected by piping or other material-moving equipment which can carry streams of material. Such material streams can include fluids or sometimes solids or mixtures such as slurries. An overall chemical process is commonly made up of steps called unit operations which occur in the individual units. A raw material going into a chemical process or plant as input to be converted into a product is commonly called a feedstock, or simply feed.
Track 4: Extraction of Petroleum and its By-Products
Petroleum extraction is a process by which petroleum is taken out from the earth’s surface. Petroleum Geologists use seismic surveys to find the geological structures that might be used for the formation of oil reservoirs. Many instruments like Gravimeters, Magnetometers are used to search for Petroleum. Oil wells are created by drilling into earth with the help of oil rigs. Extraction of crude oil starts with drilling wells into underground.
Track 5: Manufacturing Processes Involved in the Petroleum Refining
Petroleum refining processes are the chemical engineering processes and other facilities used in petroleum refineries to transform crude oil into useful products such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), gasoline or petrol, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil and fuel oils. Petroleum refineries are very large industrial complexes that involve many different processing units and auxiliary facilities such as utility units and storage tanks. Each refinery has its own unique arrangement and combination of refining processes largely determined by the refinery location, desired products and economic considerations. Crude Oil Distillation unit, Naphtha hydrotreater unit, Catalytic reforming unit, Isomerization unit, Distillate hydrotreater, Fluid catalytic cracking, Hydrocracker unit, Visbreaker unit are some the processing units used for the refining process.
Track 6: Harmful Effects of Petrochemicals
On burning petrochemicals release nitrogen, ash, sulfur and carbon into the atmosphere, contributing to pollution and smog, when these chemicals combine with water vapor, they can cause acid rain. Over the years there have been increased concerns over the environmental effects of the petroleum industry. The environmental impacts of petroleum are mainly refusal. This is due to the toxicity of petroleum which contributes to air pollution, acid rain etc. which leads to illness in humans. Oil spills cause wide damage in the marine environment. Greenhouse gases produced by the burning of petrochemicals, which includes carbon dioxide, warm up the Earth by trapping heat in the atmosphere.
Track 7: Instrumentation in petrochemical industries
Different Instruments are in use for the monitoring and control the process plant in oil, gas and petroleum industries. They includes sensing devices to measure process parameters such as temperature, pressure, liquid level, flow, velocity, composition, density, weight; and mechanical and electrical parameters such as vibration, position, current and voltage, Equipment’s used are Oil treatment plants, Module-Type Formation Pressure Maintenance Plant, Oil-heating units, Mobile Nitrogen Production System, Mobile Gas Pumping System, Oil desalting plants, Gas Separators, Oil and gas production and transport equipment, Drilling Equipment, Equipment for offshore platforms, Fuel storage tanks, Rotating Equipment’s like these many equipment’s are used for different purposes in the oil gas and petroleum field.
Track 8: Safety Hazards Associated with Oil, Gas and Petroleum Activities
Safety is now the main criteria in the oil and gas industry. Workplace safety and more advanced technologies to monitor and prevent injuries and accidents is mandatory, the rate of injury was down to 1.8 per 100 workers in 2012, according to the Petroleum Institutes. Oil and gas well drilling and servicing activities involve many different types of equipment and materials. Recognizing and controlling hazards is critical to preventing injuries and deaths.
Track 9: Processing Units Used in Refineries
There are different processing units used in the Refineries. Each of these plays a major role in the overall process of converting the crude oil into finished petroleum products. The Processing units involved are Separation units, Conversion units, supporting process units, treating units etc. The typical process units involved are crude desalting, Atmospheric distillation, Visbreaker, Hydrocracker, Thermal cracker and many.
Track 10: Enhanced Oil Recovery
Enhanced Oil Recovery is the process of increasing the amount of oil that can be recovered from an oil reservoir, usually by injecting some substances into an existing oil well to increase pressure and decrease the viscosity of the oil with a conventional oil well, natural pressure in the reservoir that pushes the oil to the surface or a pump is used to create and maintain the pressure. There are several different methods of Enhanced Oil Recovery including Thermal recovery, Gas injection, Chemical injection etc.
Track 11: Offshore Oil and Gas Production
Offshore oil and gas production, which involves extraction of oil and gas from beneath the sea, is a critical component of the world's energy supply. It requires the use of highly sophisticated technology and high attention to the related environmental impacts. Offshore gas is the drilling and extraction of natural gas from down the floor of oceans. Offshore production began in the 1950’s in shallow waters around 200 meters deep. Platforms were erected on the seabed, supported by metal or concrete legs. Following the 1973 oil crisis, intensive production began in North Sea. Half of the 17,000 platforms in use today are fixed structures anchored to the seabed. Deep offshore production can results in number of challenges.
Track 12: Natural Gas Processing
Natural gas is a byproduct of producing oil. Exploration for natural gas begins with geologists observing and examining the surface structure of the earth, and determining the areas where it is geologically likely that petroleum or gas deposits might exist. Natural gas wells are of different types and they include oil wells, gas wells, and condensate wells. Natural gas is known as sweet gas when it is relatively free of hydrogen sulfide. Natural gas, or any other gas mixture, containing significant quantities of hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide or acidic gases, is called acid gas.
Track 13: Oil Well
Oil well is a boring in the Earth that is designed to bring petroleum, oil, hydrocarbons to the surface. Usually some natural gas is released along with the oil. A well that is designed to produce only gas may be termed a gas well. It involves Drilling, completion and production. Wells are of different types based upon the production of a substance, and they can be located on land or offshore.
Track 14: Drilling and Well operation
Drilling indicates the total complex of operations that are necessary to construct wells of circular section applying excavation techniques. The planning of Drilling involve Well concept, well proposal, Data acquisition & analysis, well design, drilling program
Track 15: Oil & Gas Equipment:
The oil and gas equipment has been classified as static and rotating equipment, these equipment’s are utilized across all verticals of the hydrocarbons industry: upstream, midstream, and downstream. Within static equipment, we have considered valves, heat exchangers, furnaces, and boilers. Valves are vital for controlling the flow of crude oil or natural gas in oil and gas infrastructure such as wellheads, pipelines, and refineries. Boilersare mostly utilized in the refining industry for steam generation or cooling. In refineries, steam is mostly utilized for steam stripping, steam distillation, process heating, and vacuum distillation.
Track 16: Conventional and unconventional gas
Conventional Gas refers to natural gas that can be produced from the reservoirs using some techniques like traditional drilling, pumping and the compression techniques. Natural gas is referred as conventional when it can be extracted from the Earth either through naturally occurring pressure, or pumping mechanisms. This is opposed to unconventional gas sources like shale gas, tight gas, and coal bed methane. Conventional gas tends to be less expensive and complex to extract than unconventional gas due to the usual nature of production techniques. Historically low natural gas prices have led to the popularity of its use for the power and heating.
Track 17: Sustainable Energy & Bioenergy
Fossil fuels, as originally derived from the organic matter, and have been created over many millennia through the biological and geological processes and are very essentially non-renewable. The energy biomass produces can be converted into electricity, heat or biofuels. Bioenergy can be as simple, complex as an advanced second generation liquid biofuel. Bioenergy is the most widely used renewable energy in the world, providing around 10% of the world's primary energy supplies, mostly as thermal energy for heating purposes and cooking.
Track 18: Downstream, Midstream and Upstream Operations
The terms upstream and downstream oil and gas production refer to oil or Gas Company’s. Oil and gas companies are usually divided into one of three groups, upstream, downstream, and midstream. Some companies are considered to be "integrated" as they combine the functions of two or three of the groups. Upstream oil and gas production is done by the companies who identify, extract, or produce the raw materials. Downstream oil and gas production companies are closer to the end consumer, Many of the products that we use every day comes directly from the downstream production, including natural gas, gasoline, diesel, lubricants, pesticides, heating oil, pharmaceuticals etc.
Petrochemicals are an essential part of commodities used in daily lives. They are used in various end-use industries, ranging from manufacturing to consumer goods. Petrochemicals are chemical compounds derived from petroleum and other hydrocarbons, which are obtained from crude oil and natural gas. They are primarily used as chemical building blocks for a variety of materials and applications. Rising demand for petrochemicals in major end-use industries coupled with favorable operating conditions, primarily in the Middle East and Asia Pacific, is expected to drive the global market for petrochemicals from 2013 to 2030. Demand for bio-based chemicals is increasing due to growing consumer awareness and benefits associated with their usage. Investment in bio-based chemicals in the public sector (including national laboratories and universities) and commercial sector (including large multinational corporations) is anticipated to increase in the near future. Therefore, this trend is estimated to hamper the petrochemicals market. Additionally, volatility in prices of crude oil & natural gas is likely to inhibit market growth. However, rising shale gas discoveries, primarily in North America (including the U.S. and Canada) is benefitting petrochemical producers, since shale gas is considered a substitute feedstock that is used in the manufacture of petrochemicals.
Petrochemical Markets gives a point by point supply, request and value gauges of the key petrochemical feedstock naphtha alongside a review of the petrochemicals advertise including ethylene, propylene, benzene, and Para xylene. The administration likewise gives investigation on splitting financial aspects, arbitrage financial matters; refinery and petrochemical office turnarounds and their effects on provincial adjust.
Customers settle on certain choices in view of significant understanding from HIS Energy's top to bottom learning of market powers and political improvements that drive petrochemical feed stock advertise joined with profound quantitative detail and broad industry encounter.